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Schenectady in the Civil War: Ninety-first Regiment of Infantry (Veteran) — (Albany Regiment; Columbia Regiment )

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[This information is from Chapter XXV, pp. 372-389 of Schenectady County, New York: Its History to the Close of the Nineteenth Century by Austin A. Yates (New York: New York History Co., 1902). It is in the Schenectady Collection of the Schenectady County Public Library at Schdy R 974.744 Yat, and copies are also available for borrowing. Thanks to Carol Di Crosta for data entry help with this project. The names of the soldiers are in the order they were in the book.]

This regiment was organized at Albany December 16th, 1861, by the consolidation of the regiment recruited by Colonel David J. Cowles, with the men recruited for the Fredenhall Regiment, and the appointment of Jacob Van Zandt as its Colonel. It was mustered in the service of the United States for three years between September and December, 1861. While on its veteran furlough, in September, 1864, it received a large number of recruits, enlisted and mustered in for one year's service. At the expiration of its term of enlistment, the men entitled thereto were discharged and the regiment retained in service. June 5th, 1865, it received the men of the 147th New York Vols. not mustered out with their regiment.

The companies were recruited principally: A, B, D, F and K at Albany; C at Redford and Albany; E at Hudson and Albany; G at Schenectady; H at Albany and Hillsdale; and I at Albany, Chatham, Castleton and Hudson.

The regiment left the state January 9th, 1862; it served at and near Washington, D. C., from January, 1862; at Key West, Fort Pickens and Pensacola, Fla., from later in January, 1862; at Baton Rouge, La., from December 19, 1862; in Third Brigade, Grover's Division, Department of the Gulf, from January 12th, 1863; in First Brigade, Fourth Division, 19th Corps, from March, 1863; at Fort Jackson, La., as heavy artillery, from July, 1863; at Baltimore, Md., in Second Separate Brigade, Eighth Corps, from October, 1864; in First Brigade, Third Division, Fifth Corps, except Company E, which remained at Baltimore, from March, 1865; in Third Brigade, Third Division, Fifth Corps, from June, 1865; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Colonel Jonathan Tarbell, July 3d, 1865, near Washington, D. C.

During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 2 officers, 62 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 48 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 187 enlisted men; total, 5 officers, 297 enlisted men; aggregate, 302; of whom 2 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy; and it took part in the following engagements, etc.: Milton, Fla., August 9-10; Gonzales, Fla., October 27, 1862; near Port Hudson, La., March 14; Madam Porter's and McWilliams' Plantations, La., April 13; Irish Bend, La., April 14; Bayou Vermillion, La., April 17; Moundville, La., May 1; Siege of Port Hudson, La., May 23 to July 8; Donaldsonville, La., June 27; Bayou LaFourche, La., July 13, 1863; before Petersburg, Va., March 1 to April 2; Appomattox campaign, Va., March 28 to April 9, 1865.

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