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Schenectady in the Civil War: Seventy-seventh Regiment (Veteran) — (Saratoga Regiment; Bemis Heights Regiment )

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[This information is from Chapter XXV, pp. 299-306 of Schenectady County, New York: Its History to the Close of the Nineteenth Century by Austin A. Yates (New York: New York History Co., 1902). It is in the Schenectady Collection of the Schenectady County Public Library at Schdy R 974.744 Yat, and copies are also available for borrowing. Thanks to Carol Di Crosta for data entry help with this project. The names of the soldiers are in the order they were in the book.]

This regiment, Col. James B. McKean, was organized at Saratoga Springs, and there, November 23d, 1861, mustered in the service of the United States for three years. October 30, 1862, a new company was forwarded to the regiment, becoming Company K, the original company having been consolidated with Company F. At the expiration of the term of service of the regiment its members entitled to be discharged were forwarded to Saratoga, and there, under Col. Winsor B. French, mustered out December 13th, 1864; the regiment was continued in the service, but, November 19th, 1864, consolidated into five companies, A, B, C, D and E.

The regiment left the state November 28th, 1861; served in the Third Brigade, Casey's Division, A. P., from December, 1861; in Third, Davidson's Brigade, W. F. Smith's Division, Fourth Corps, A. P., from March, 1862; in the Third Brigade, Second Division, Sixth Corps, A. P., from May, 1862; and the battalion left in the field was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Colonel David J. Case, June 27th, 1865, at Washington, D. C.

During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 8 officers, 58 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 3 officers, 41 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 175 enlisted men; total, 12 officers, 274 enlisted men; aggregate 286, of whom 16 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy, and it took part in the following engagements: Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5 to May 4; near Lee's Mills, April 5; Lee's Mills, April 16; before Yorktown, April 26; Lee's Mills, April 28; Williamsburg, Va., May 5; Mechanicville, Va., May 24; Golding's Farm, Va., June 5; Mechanicville, Va., June 24; Seven Day's Battle, Va., June 25 to July 2; Garnett's Farm, June 27; Garnett's and Golding's Farm, June 28; Savage Station, June 29; White Oak Swamp Bridge, June 30; Malvern Hill, July 1; Harrison's Landing, Va., July 3; Crampton Pass, Md., September 14; Antietam, Md., September 17; Fredericksburg, Va., December 11-15, 1862; Marye's Heights and Salem Church, Va., May 3-4; Deep Run Crossing, Va., June 5; Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3; Fairfield, Pa., July 5; Antietam and Marsh Run, Md., July 7; Funkstown, Md., July 11-13; Williamsport, Md., July 14; Chantilly, Va., October 16; Rappahannock Station, Va., November 7; Mine Run Campaign, Va., November 26 to December 2; Germanna Ford, December 1, 1863; Wilderness, Va., May 5 -7; Spottsylvania Court House, Va., May 8-21; Piney Branch Church, May 8; Landron Farm, May 10; The Salient, May 12; North Anna, Va., May 22-26; Totopotomoy, Va., May 27-30; Cold Harbor, Va., May 31, June 12; before Petersburg, Va., June 17, July 9, December - April 2, 1864-5; assault of Petersburg, Va., June 17-19; Weldon Railroad, Va., June 21-25; Washington, D. C., July 12-13; Charlestown, W. Va., August 21; Opequon Creek, Va. September 13; Opequon, Va., September 19; Fisher's Hill, Va., September 22; Cedar Creek, Va., October 19, 1864; Petersburg Works, Va., March 25; Appomattox campaign, Va., March 28 to April 9: fall of Petersburg, April 2, Sailor's Creek, April 6; Appomattox Court House, April 9, 1865.

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