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Schenectady in the Civil War: Forty-third Regiment (Veteran) — (Albany and Yates' Rifles; Vinton Rifles )

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[This information is from Chapter XXV, pp. 306-311 of Schenectady County, New York: Its History to the Close of the Nineteenth Century by Austin A. Yates (New York: New York History Co., 1902). It is in the Schenectady Collection of the Schenectady County Public Library at Schdy R 974.744 Yat, and copies are also available for borrowing. Thanks to Carol Di Crosta for data entry help with this project. The names of the soldiers are in the order they were in the book.]

This regiment, Col. Francis L. Vinton, received its state designation September 18, 1861; was organized at Albany and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years, in August and September, 1861. The Yates' Rifles, recruited by Colonel L. Ayer, four incomplete companies, A, B, C and D, were consolidated into two companies, and, September 18, 1861, assigned to this regiment. A company of the Manhattan Rifles, Colonel J. M. Freeman, and of the United States Vanguard, Colonel William Northedge, were also attached to the regiment, and its organization completed.

The companies were recruited principally: A, B and D at Albany, C at Albany and Oneonta, E at Canajoharie, F at Sandy Hill, G, Manhattan Rifles, at Schenectady, H and I, Yates' Rifles, at New York City, and K, United States Vanguard, at Cooperstown. The companies joining in October, 1862, were recruited at Albany.

The regiment left the state September 21, 1861; served at and near Washington, D. C. from September 22, 1861; in Hancock's Brigade, Smith's Division, A. P., from October 15, 1861; in First Brigade, Smith's division, Fourth Corps, A. P., from March 13, 1862; in First Brigade, Second Division, Sixth Corps, A. P., from May, 1862; in the Light Brigade, Sixth Corps, during the Chancellorsville campaign; after that in the Third Brigade, Second Division, Sixth Corps, A. P., and it was honorably discharged and mustered out June 27th, 1865, under Colonel Charles A. Milliken, at Washington, D. C.

The regiment lost, during the service by death, killed in action, 9 officers, 74 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 4 officers, 30 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 126 enlisted men; total 14 officers, 230 enlisted men; aggregate 244; of whom 32 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy; and it took part in the following engagements, etc: Vienna and Flint Hill, Va., February 22; Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5 to May 4; Lee's Mills, April 16 and 28; Williamsburg, Va., May 5; Garnett's and Golding's Farms, June 27 and 28; Savage Station, June 29; White Oak Swamp Bridge, June 30; Malvern Hill, July 1; Sugar Loaf Mountain, Md. September 10-11; Crampton Pass, Md., September 14; Antietam, Md., September 17; Fredericksburg, Va. December 11-15, 1862; Marye's Heights and Salem Church, Va. May 3-4; Deep Run Crossing, Va., June 5; Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3; Fairfield, Pa., July 5; Antietam and Marsh Run, Md., July 7; near Leitersburg, Md., July 10; Funkstown, Md., July 11-13; Williamsport, Md. July 14; Auburn, Va., October 13; Rappahannock Station, Va., November 7; Mine Run campaign, November 26 - December 2, 1863; Wilderness, Va. May 5-7; Spottsylvania Court House, Va. May 8 to 21; North Anna, Va., May 22-26; Totopotomoy, Va. May 27-31; Cold Harbor, Va. June 1-12; before Petersburg, Va., June 18 to April 2, 1864-5; assault of Petersburg, Va., June 18-19; Weldon Railroad, Va. June 21-23; Fort Stevens, D. C., July 12-13; Charleston, W. Va., August 21; Opequon Creek, Va., September 13; Opequon, Va., September 19; Fisher's Hill, Va., September 22; Cedar Creek, Va. October 19, 1864; Petersburg Works, Va., March 25; Appomattox campaign, Va., March 28 to April 9, 1865.

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