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Schenectady in the Civil War: First Regiment of Mounted Rifles

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[This information is from Chapter XXV, pp. 392-394 of Schenectady County, New York: Its History to the Close of the Nineteenth Century by Austin A. Yates (New York: New York History Co., 1902). It is in the Schenectady Collection of the Schenectady County Public Library at Schdy R 974.744 Yat, and copies are also available for borrowing. Thanks to Carol Di Crosta for data entry help with this project. The names of the soldiers are in the order they were in the book.]

After the battle of Big Bethel, Va., June 10th, 1861, Major-General Butler authorized Captain Judson Kilpatrick, Fifth New York Volunteer Infantry, to organize a squadron of cavalry for duty in General Butler's department. This authority was approved by the Secretary of War.

The companies were recruited principally: A and B at New York City; C and D — First and Second Cavalry Companies Tenth Legion — at Monticello, Grahamville, Fallsburgh, Clayville, Middletown, Ellenville and Newburgh; E at Troy, Albany, Fort Edward, Salem, Schenectady and New York City; F at Troy, Buffalo and New York City; G at Troy, Chatham and New York City; H at Troy, Buffalo, Mt. Pleasant, Syracuse, Tarrytown and New York City; I at Canaan, Carmel, Chatham, North Castleton and New York City; K at Buffalo, Charlton, Livonia, Richmond, Springwater, Victor and New York City; L at Lenox, Oneida, Rome, Syracuse and Verona; and M at Chatham, North Castle and New York City.

The regiment lost by death, killed in action, 1 officer, 18 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 12 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 3 officers, 125 enlisted men; total, 5 officers, 155 enlisted men; aggregate, 160; of whom 8 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy.

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