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Electric City Immigrants: Italians and Poles of Schenectady, N.Y., 1880-1930

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[This information is from pp. 299-301 of Electric City Immigrants: Italians and Poles of Schenectady, N.Y., 1880-1930 by Dr. Robert R. Pascucci (State University of New York at Albany, Department of History, 1984). It is copyrighted by Dr. Pascucci and reproduced here with his permission. It is in the Schenectady Collection of the Schenectady County Public Library at Schdy R 325.24 PAS.]

Unpublished Works


Diocese of Albany, Albany, N. Y.
Letters, parish files, priest files.
Convent of Mercy, Albany, N. Y.
Annals of the Sisters of Mercy.
First Presbyterian Church, Schenectady, N. Y.
Histories, letters, memoranda, minutes, and reports.
New York State Archives, Albany, N. Y.
Works Progress Administration, Writers' Project files (miscellaneous reports on Italian and Polish communities of Schenectady).
St. Adalbert's Church, Schenectady, N. Y.
Marriage registers.
St. Anthony's Church, Schenectady, N. Y.
Marriage registers, Minutes of trustee meetings.
Schenectady County Clerk's Office, Schenectady, N. Y.
Certificates of Incorporation, deeds, marriage registers.
Schenectady Police Department, Schenectady, N. Y.
Arrests and Dispositions, Complaints and Blotter.
Schenectady Public Schools, Schenectady, N. Y.
Attendance registers, histories, memoranda, board of education minutes, elementary and high school pupil permanent records.

Manuscript Censuses

New York State. Manuscript Census, Schenectady, N. Y., 1875, 1892.

United States Bureau of the Census. Federal Manuscript Census, Schenectady, N. Y., 1900, 1910.


Interview with Charles Abba, Schenectady, N. Y., July 19, 1977.

Interview with Mrs. Joseph Garofalo, July 21, 1980.

Interview with Ralph Giaquinto, August 15, 1983.

Interview with Joseph Memelo, August 10, 1981.

Interview with Amelia Ottaviano, July 27, 1983.

Interview with Josephine Panfil, May 28, 1980.

Interview with Jerome Razewski, February 23, 1984.

Dissertations and Papers

Berrol, Selma C. "Immigrants at School: New York City, 1898-1914." Ph.D. dissertation, The City University of New York, 1967.

Craw, Walter P. "The Development of Schenectady's Educational System under the Guidance of the Superintendents of Schools." M.A. thesis, New York State College for Teachers, Albany, 1941.

Goodall, David. "Workers, Industrial Unionists and Socialists: The IWW in Schenectady, New York." Unpublished seminar paper, SUNY at Albany, 1975.

Kuznicki, Sister Ellen Marie. "An Ethnic School in American Education: A Study of the Origin, Development, and Merits of the Educational System of the Felician Sisters in the Polish American Schools of Western New York." Ph.D. dissertation, Kansas State University, 1973.

Obidinski, Eugene E. "Ethnic to Status Group: A Study of Polish Americans in Buffalo." Ph.D. dissertation, SUNY at Buffalo, 1968.

Published Works

Census Reports

New York State. Report of the 1855 Census.

———— Report of the 1865 Census.

U. S. Bureau of the Census. Eleventh Census: 1890. Miscellaneous Documents, II.

———— Twelfth Census: 1900. Population, II.

———— Thirteenth Census: 1910. Population, III.

———— Fourteenth Census: 1920. Population, III.

———— Fifteenth Census: 1930. Population, III, part 2.

———— Special Reports: Manufacturers, 1905, II.

———— Thirteenth Census: 1910. Abstract of the Census with Supplement for New York.

Miscellaneous Reports

Annual Report of Italian Mission Board Supervising Italian Church of San Salvatore, Schenectady, N. Y., 1922-23, 1926-28, 1931.

Annual Report of the Third Ward Settlement House of the First Presbyterian Church, Schenectady, New York. 1905-07, 1909-13.

Continuazione del Rendiconto della Chiesa Italiana di Sant' Antonio di Padova in Schenectady, N. Y. [financial report] Schenectady, N.Y., 1913.

Mayor's Message. Proceedings of the Common Council. Schenectady, N.Y., 1910, 1914.

New York State. Preliminary Report of the Factory Investigation Commission, 1912, III.

———— Report of the Commission on Immigration, 1909. Albany, 1909.

New York State Education Department. A Study of the Schenectady School System, Albany, 1928.

———— Sixth Annual Report of the Education Department, Albany, 1915. [1910?]

———— Eleventh Annual Report of the Education Department, Albany, 1915.

———— Thirteenth Annual Report of the Education Department, Albany, 1917.

Rendiconto della Chiesa Italiana di Sant' Antonio di Padova in Schenectady, N.Y. (financial report], 1910.

"Report of Bureau of Police." Proceedings of the Common Council, 1908, 1910-11. Reports, II.

Report of Chief of Police. Schenectady, 1901.

Schenectady Public Schools. Annual Report of the Board of Education, 1872, 1873, 1875, 1901-03, 1907-13, 1915.

———— "Annual Report of the Board of Education," Proceedings of the Common Council, 1907-09, 1911-14, 1919-21, 1927.

———— Superintendent's Report, August 1913, January, June, 1914.

Sprawozdanie Kosowe Parafii Św. Wojciecha [financial report], Schenectady, N.Y., Detroit, 1920.

Wykaz, Parafii Św. Wojciecha w Schenectady, N.Y., 1910-1912 [financial report], Utica [1912].

Newspapers and Periodicals

La Capitale

The Citizen

Il Corriere di Schenectady

The Evangelist

Evening Star

G-E Reporter


Schenectady Daily Gazette

Schenectady Gazette

Schenectady Weekly Reflector

Schenectady Works News

Union Star


Catholic Directory of the Diocese of Albany. Albany, 1904.

Schenectady Directory. 1897, 1905, 1910.

Anniversary Histories and Pamphlets

Attesto di Riconoscenza al Rev. Michael A. Bianco in Occasione del 25-mo Anno di Ministero Sacerdotale Nella Cittá di Schenectady, N.Y. [Rev. Bianco's twenty-fifth anniversary at St. Anthony's]. Schenectady, [1941].

Church of St. Adalbert 1903-1978 Schenectady, New York. New York: Privately printed, n.d.

Diamond Jubilee St. Mary's Church 1892-1967. Schenectady: Privately printed, n.d.

Fiftieth Anniversary of R. Rev. Monsignor M. A. Bianco. Schenectady, 1962.

Forty-Fifth Anniversary of Trinity Presbyterian Church, Schenectady, N.Y. October-November 1948.

General Electric Quarter Century Club, January 1, 1921.

Golden Jubilee 1912-1962 Fiftieth Anniversary of the Founding of the Abruzzese Society. Schenectady, 1962.

Golden Jubilee Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish 1922-1972 Schenectady. New York: Chadwicks, N.Y., n.d.

Golden Thanksgiving Jubilee St. Anthony's Church, Schenectady, N.Y., 1902-1952. Schenectady, 1952.

Historya Parafii, Szkoły i Kollegium Oraz Plan Nauk Szkoły; Kollegium Świętego Wojciecha w Schenectady, N.Y. [History of St. Adalbert's Parish, School and College and Outlines of Study of St. Adalbert's School and College at Schenectady, N.Y.] Chicago, [1915].

Holy Name of Jesus: Polish National Church Golden Jubilee, 1921-1971. Schenectady, 1971.

Knights Templar Souvenir. Schenectady, 1907.

Order Sons of Italy in America, Gabriele D'Annunzio Lodge 321, Golden Jubilee, 1915-1965. Schenectady, 1965.

Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Parish, Schenectady, N.Y. Souvenir Booklet 1922-1932. Schenectady, 1932.

Pamietnik 1892-1947 Złoty Jubileusz Parafji Matki Boskiej Czestochowskiej w Schenectady (Golden Jubilee of St. Mary's Parish]. Schenectady, 1947.

Police Manual and Textbook on Second Class City Government as it Relates to the City of Schenectady. Schenectady, 1917.

Presbyterian Italians in Schenectady in 1933. n.p. [1933].

Schenectady Public Schools, Rules and Regulations. Schenectady, 1921.

Schenectady Sesquicentennial, 1809-1959. n.p. [1959].

Società Abruzzese Souvenir Album, Silver Jubilee 1912-1937. Schenectady, 1937.

Związku Narodowego Polskiego [PNA Program of 1915 PNA convention held in Schenectady] Schenectady: Privately printed, n.d.


Ashmore, Sidney G. "A Word on Industrial Education in the Public Schools." American Education (May 1910), pp. 205-06.

Ayres, Leonard C. "The Identification of the Misfit Child." Russell Sage Research Foundation Publications — Child Hygiene, Number 108, 1911, pp. 1-11.

———— "The Increasing Efficiency of Our City School Systems." The Elementary School Journal (February 1921), pp. 416-423.

———— "The Relative Responsibility of School and Society for the Over-Age Child." Russell Sage Research Foundation Publications — Child Hygiene, Number 110, 1911, pp. 1-6.

Brubacher, A. R. "The Common School and Our Common Speech." The Journal of the New York State Teachers' Association (November 15, 1917), pp. 249-253.

Greene, Victor R. "For God and Country: The Origins of Slavic Self-Consciousness in America." Church History, XXXV (December 1966), 449-460.

Kuznicki, Sister Ellen Marie. "Historical Perspective on the Polish American Parochial School." Polish American Studies (Spring-Autumn, 1978), pp. 5-12.

———— "The Polish American Parochial Schools." Poles in America: Bicentennial Essays, Edited by Frank Mocha. Stevens Point: Worzalla, Wisc., 1978.

Kuzniewski, Anthony. "Boot Straps and Book Learning: Reflections on the Education of Polish Americans." Polish American Studies (Spring 1975), pp. 5-26.

Mackey, U. L. "A Venture in Co-operation." The Missionary Review of the World (August 1917), pp. 595-597.

Mathews, Sister Mary Fabian. "The Role of the Public School in the Assimilation of the Italian Immigrant Child in New York City, 1900-1914," The Italian Experience in the United States, edited by S. M. Tomasi and M. H. Engel. New York: Center for Migration Studies, Inc., 1970.

Mondello, Salvatore. "The Magazine Charities and the Italian Immigrants, 1903-1904," Journalism Quarterly (Spring 1967), pp. 91-98.

———— "Protestant Proselytism Among the Italians in the USA as Reported in American Magazines," Social Science (April 1966), pp. 84-90.

Palmieri, F. Aurello. "Italian Protestantism in the United States," The Catholic World (May 1918), pp. 177-189.

"The Retardation of Pupils in City Schools," American Education (October 1909), pp. 69-70.

"Schenectady County News," American Education (December 1914), p. 244.

Testa, Stefano L. "Strangers from Rome in Greater New York," The Missionary Review of the World (March 1908), pp. 216-218.

Vecoli, Rudolph. "Prelates and Peasants, Italian Immigrants and the Catholic Church," Journal of Social History (Spring 1969), pp. 217-268.

Wright, Frederick. "How to Reach Italians in America." The Missionary Review of the World (August 1917), pp. 589-594.


Abbott, Grace. The Immigrant and the Community. New York: Century Co., 1921.

Ayres, Leonard C. Laggards in Our Schools. New York: Charities Publications Committee, 1909.

Balch, Emily Greene. Our Slavic Fellow Citizens. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

Briggs, John. An Italian Passage: Immigrants to Three American Cities, 1890-1930. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978.

Fenton, Edwin. Immigrants and Unions, A Case Study: Italians and American Labor, 1870-1920. New York: Arno Press, 1975.

Frasca, Michele. I Served Three Generations. Vestal, N.Y.: By the author, 1922.

Greene, Victor. For God and Country: The Rise of Polish and Lithuanian Ethnic Consciousness in America, 1860-1910. Madison: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1975.

Hart, Larry. Schenectady's Golden Era: 1880-1930. Scotia, N.Y.: Old Dorp Books, 1974.

Iorizzo, Luciano J., and Mondello, Salvatore. The Italian-Americans. New York: Twayne, 1971.

Johnson, David R. Policing the Urban Underworld: The Impact of Crime on the Development of the American Police, 1800-1887. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1979.

Korman, Gerd. Industrialization, Immigrants and Americanizers: The View from Milwaukee, 1866-1921. Madison: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1967.

Leary, Sister Mary Ancilla. The History of Catholic Education in the Diocese of Albany. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University Press, 1957.

Leiserson, William M. Adjusting Immigrant and Industry. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1924.

Lord, Eliot. The Italian in America. New York: B. F. Buck Co., 1905.

Mangano, Antonio. Sons of Italy. New York: Missionary Education Movement of the United States and Canada, 1917.

Miąso, Jósef. The History of the Education of Polish Immigrants in the United States. New York: Kosciuszko Foundation, 1977.

Monroe, Joel Henry. Schenectady, Ancient and Modern. Schenectady: By the author, 1914.

Neisuler, Jeanette G. The History of Education in Schenectady: 1661/62 — 1961/62. Schenectady: Schenectady Public Schools, 1964.

Niemcewicz, Julian Ursyn. Under Their Vine and Fig Tree: Travels Through America in 1797-1799, 1805, trans. and edited by Metchie J. E. Budka. Elizabeth, N.J.: Grassman, 1965.

Schatz, Ronald W. The Electrical Workers: A History of Labor at General Electric and Westinghouse, 1923-1960. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1983.

Shriver, William P. Adventure in Missions. New York: Board of National Missions, 1946

———— At Work With the Italians. New York: Board of Home Missions, 1917.

Thomas, William I., and Znaniecki, Florian. The Polish Peasant in Europe and America, II. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1958.

Tomasi, Silvano M. Piety and Power: The Role of the Italian Parishes in the New York Metropolitan Area, 1880-1930. New York: Center for Migration Studies, 1975.

Wright, Frederick H. The Italians in America. New York: The Willet Press, 1912.

Wytrwal, Joseph A. America's Polish Heritage: A Social History of the Poles in America. Detroit: Endurance Press, 1961.

Yates, Austin. Schenectady County, N.Y.: Its History to the Close of the Nineteenth Century. New York: New York History Co., 1902.

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